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REFERENCJE

STRONA GŁÓWNA

  1. A study found that 45% of women aged 21-30 suffered from acne. Perkins AC, Maglione J, Hillebrand GG, Miyamoto K, Kimball AB. Acne vulgaris in women: prevalence across the life span. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012;21:223-230. P223, abstract
  2. Mayo Clinic, p 1, 1st par
  3. Eichenfield LF, et al. Evidence-Based Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Acne.
    Pediatrics 2013;131: S163–S186.
    PS167, LH col, 2nd par

TRĄDZIK DOROSŁYCH

  1. A study found that 45% of women aged 21-30 suffered from acne.
    Perkins AC, Maglione J, Hillebrand GG, Miyamoto K, Kimball AB. Acne vulgaris in women: prevalence across the life span. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012;21:223-230. P223, abstract
  2. References for table.

    1. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    2. = Bhate K, Williams HC. Epidemiology of acne vulgaris. Br J Dermatol. 2013;168:474-485.

  3. Zeichner JA. Evaluating and treating the adult female patient with acne. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12:1416–1427
  4. Goulden V, Clark SM, Cunliffe WJ. Post-adolescent acne: a review of clinical features. Br J Dermatol. 1997;136:66–70.
  5. Preneau S, Dreno B. Female acne - a different subtype of teenager acne? J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012;26:277– 282.
  6. Poli F, et al. Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals. Acta Derm Venereol. 2011;91:531-536. P533, Table 2
  7. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P614, RH col, 2nd par
  8. Ferdowsian HR, Levin S. Does diet really affect acne? Skin Therapy Lett, 2010;15:1-2

    P3, chocolate section

    Magin P, et al. A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and
    misconceptions’ in acne management: diet,
    face-washing and sunlight. Fam Pract. 2005;22:62-70.
    P67, RH col, 4th par

    Spencer EH, et al. Diet and acne: a review of the evidence. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:339-47.
    P344, Table 2

  9. Ferdowsian HR, Levin S. Does diet really affect acne? Skin Therapy Lett, 2010;15:1-2

    P1, abstract

  10. Spencer EH, et al. Diet and acne: a review of the evidence. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:339-47.
    P344, Table 2
    Spencer, p344, RH col, 3rd par which states that one study has shown a low GI diet reduced acne risk.
  11. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the
    Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29

    P6, RH col, final par

  12. Perkins AC, Maglione J, Hillebrand GG, Miyamoto K, Kimball AB. Acne vulgaris in women: prevalence across the life span. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012;21:223-230.

    P223, abstract

  13. Geller L, et al. Permimenstrual flare of adult acne.
    J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014;7(8):30–34.)

    Abstract

  14. Poli F, et al. Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals. Acta Derm Venereol. 2011;91:531-536.

    P533, Table 2

  15. Magin P, et al. A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and
    misconceptions’ in acne management: diet,
    face-washing and sunlight. Fam Pract. 2005;22:62-70.

    P67. RH col, 5th par

  16. Magin P, et al. A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and
    misconceptions’ in acne management: diet,
    face-washing and sunlight. Fam Pract. 2005;22:62-70.

    P67. RH col, last par

  17. Magin P, et al. A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and
    misconceptions’ in acne management: diet,
    face-washing and sunlight. Fam Pract. 2005;22:62-70.

    P68. LH col, 1st par

  18. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P615, LH col, 2nd par
  19. Ravenscroft J. Evidence based update on the management of acne. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2005;90:ep98–ep101

    P98, 7th par

  20. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P615, LH col, 1st par
  21. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P615, middle col, final par and RH col, 1st par
  22. Sardana K, et al. Seasonal variation in acne vulgaris – myth or reality. J Dermatol. 2002:29:484-488.
    Abstract
  23. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P615, LH col, 2nd par
  24. Poli F, et al. Acne as seen by adolescents: results of questionnaire study in 852 French individuals. Acta Derm Venereol. 2011;91:531-536.

    P533, Table 2

  25. Misery L, et al. Consequences of acne on stress, fatigue, sleep disorders and sexual activity: a population-based study.
    Acta Derm Venereol. 2015; 95:485-488.

    P487 RH col, final par

  26. Chularojanamontri l, et al. Moisturisers for acne, what are their constituents? J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014;7:36–44

    P38, RH col, final par

  27. Dharmik P, Gomashe A. Anti-acne activity of toothpaste – an emerging pimple treatment. Int J of Chem and Pharmac Anal. 2014;1:149-153.

    P151, RH col, 2nd par
    P152, LH column, point 2

  28. Dharmik P, Gomashe A. Anti-acne activity of toothpaste – an emerging pimple treatment. Int J of Chem and Pharmac Anal. 2014;1:149-153.

    P151, RH co,, 2nd par

  29. Mayo Clinic Acne. Available at: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/basics/definition/con-20020580?p=1. Accessed 19/07/2015.
    P1. 5th par
  30. Mayo Clinic Acne. Available at: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/basics/definition/con-20020580?p=1. Accessed 19/07/2015.

    P2. Pars 3, 5 and 6

  31. American Academy of Dermatology. Acne: tips for managing.

    Available at: www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/a---d/acne/tips. Accessed 19/07/2015.

    P1, Point 7

  32. Mayo Clinic Acne. Available at: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/basics/definition/con-20020580?p=1. Accessed 19/07/2015.

    P8. 5th bullet

  33. Thielitz A, Lux A, Wiede A, Kropf S, Papakonstantinou E, Gollnick H. A randomized investigator-blind parallel-group study to assess efficacy and safety of azelaic acid 15% gel vs. adapalene 0.1% gel in the treatment and maintenance treatment of female adult acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2014;
    Gollnick HP, Graupe K, Zaumseil RP. [Azelaic acid 15% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Combined results of two double-blind clinical comparative studies]. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841-847.
    Katsambas A, Graupe K, Stratigos J. Clinical studies of 20% azelaic acid cream in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Comparison with vehicle and topical tretinoin. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1989;143:35-39.
  34. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the
    Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29
    P8, Table 2

    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve
    Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    Ps7, Fig 1

  35. Tucker R. Walton S. The role of benzoyl peroxide in the management of acne vulgaris. Pharm J. 2007;279:48-53.

    P48, RH col, final par

  36. Eichenfield LF, Krakowski AC, Piggott C, et al. Evidence-Based Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Acne. Pediatrics 2013;131: S163–S186.
    PS167. LH col, penultimate par

    Liu H, Yu H, Xia J, Liu L, Liu GJ, Sang H. Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, and sulphur for acne. Cochrane
    Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD011368

    P3, LH col, 2nd par

  37. Whitney KM, Ditre CM. Management strategies for acne vulgaris. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011:4:41-53.

    P50, LH col, 2nd par

  38. Liu H, Yu H, Xia J, Liu L, Liu GJ, Sang H. Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, and sulphur for acne. Cochrane
    Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD011368

    P3, RH col, 3rd par

  39. Liu H, Yu H, Xia J, Liu L, Liu GJ, Sang H. Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, and sulphur for acne. Cochrane
    Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD011368

    P3, RH col, 2nd par

  40. Ravenscroft J. Evidence based update on the management of acne. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2005;90:ep98–ep101

    Pep98, 7th par

  41. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29 P8, Table 2

    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  42. Goodman G. Managing acne vulgaris effectively. Aus Fam Phys. 2006;36:705-708.

    P705, RH col, 2nd par

  43. Degitz K, Ochsendorf F. Pharmacotherapy of acne. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008;9:955–971. P958, LH col, penultimate par
  44. 44. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29

    P8, Table 2



    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  45. 45. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29

    P1, RH col, final par

  46. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29 P8, Table 2

    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  47. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29 P8, Table 2

    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  48. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  49. Goodman G. Managing acne vulgaris effectively. Aus Fam Phys. 2006;36:705-708.

    P707, LH col, final par

  50. Goodman G. Managing acne vulgaris effectively. Aus Fam Phys. 2006;36:705-708.

    P707, middle col, 2nd par

  51. Eichenfield LF, Krakowski AC, Piggott C, et al. Evidence-Based Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Acne. Pediatrics 2013;131: S163–S186.

    PS173, middle col, 2nd par

  52. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29 P8, Table 2

    Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  53. Nast A, et al. European Evidence-based (S3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Acne. JEADV 2012, 26 (Suppl. 1), 1–29

    P1, RH col, final par

  54. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS7, Fig 1

  55. 55. Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, Liu Y. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD009436

    P2, Final par authors conclusions

  56. 56. Car J, Car M, Hamilton F, Layton A, Lyons C, Majeed A. Light therapies for acne. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007917.

    P2, LH col, final par

  57. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS21, Top left box

  58. Car J, Car M, Hamilton F, Layton A, Lyons C, Majeed A. Light therapies for acne. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007917.

    P2, LH col, final par

  59. Whitney KM, Ditre CM. Management strategies for acne vulgaris. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011:4:41-53.

    P50, RH col, 1st par

  60. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS21, Top right box

  61. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS21, Lh col, 4th and 5th pars

  62. Car J, Car M, Hamilton F, Layton A, Lyons C, Majeed A. Light therapies for acne. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007917.

    P2, LH col, final par

  63. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS35, LH col final par/RH col 1st par

  64. Whitney KM, Ditre CM. Management strategies for acne vulgaris. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011:4:41-53.

    P50, RH col, 1st par

  65. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS34, RH col, final par

  66. Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, Liu Y. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD009436

    P2, Final par authors conclusions

  67. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.

    P4, RH col, final par

TRĄDZIK RÓŻOWATY

  1. Elewski et al.; Dermatologia i kosmetologia Vol. 6 Nr 1 [21], Marzec 2011
  2. Two et al.; J Am Acad Dermatol Vol 72 No 5 May 2015

SKINOREN

  1. Thielitz A, Lux A, Wiede A, Kropf S, Papakonstantinou E, Gollnick H. A randomized investigator-blind parallel-group study to assess efficacy and safety of azelaic acid
    15% gel vs. adapalene 0.1% gel in the treatment and maintenance treatment of female adult acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015;29:789–796.

    p6, graphs

    Katsambas A, Graupe K, Stratigos J. Clinical studies of 20% azelaic acid cream in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Comparison with vehicle and topical tretinoin. Acta
    Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1989;143:35–39.

    P37, graphs

    Gollnick HP, Graupe K, Zaumseil RP. [Azelaic acid 15% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Combined results of two double-blind clinical comparative studies]. J Dtsch
    Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841–847.
    P 841, Abstract , results

  2. The story of azelaic acid: a tribute to Marcella Nazzarro-Porro. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei. 1995; 6 Suppl 9:313-320.
    P 317, 2nd par
  3. PubChem. Azelaic Acid. Available at: PubChem Azelaic Acid. Accessed 28/07/15. p1, 2nd par
    Dermnet NZ. Azelaic acid. Available at: Dermnet NZ. Azelaic acid. Accessed 28/07/15.
    p1, 1st par
  4. The story of azelaic acid: a tribute to Marcella Nazzarro-Porro.
    Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei. 1995; 6 Suppl 9:313-320.
    P 317, 2nd par
  5. Kamangar et al. Trądzik dorosłych kobiet – praktyczne podejście. Dermatologia i Kosmetologia. Vol7/Nr4 [28] grudzień 2012; 8-19.
  6. Katsambas A, et al. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1989;143:35–39.
    Gollnick HP, et al. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841–847.
  7. Elewski et al.; Dermatologia i kosmetologia Vol. 6 Nr 1 [21], Marzec 2011
  8. Thiboutot D. J Drugs in Dermatol. 2008; 7: 13-16.
  9. Katsambas A, Graupe K, Stratigos J. Clinical studies of 20% azelaic acid cream in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Comparison with vehicle and topical tretinoin. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1989;143:35–39.
    Gollnick HP, Graupe K, Zaumseil RP. [Azelaic acid 15% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Combined results of two double-blind clinical comparative studies]. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841–847.
    Thielitz A, Lux A, Wiede A, Kropf S, Papakonstantinou E, Gollnick H. A randomized investigator-blind parallel-group study to assess efficacy and safety of azelaic acid 15% gel vs. adapalene 0.1% gel in the treatment and maintenance treatment of female adult acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015;29:789–796.
  10. Dreno B, Layton A, Zouboulis CC, Lopez-Estebaranz JL, Zalewska-Janowska A, Bagatin E, Zampeli VA, Yutskovskaya Y, Harper JC. Adult female acne: a new paradigm. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013;27:1063-1070.
  11. Gollnick HP, Graupe K, Zaumseil RP. [Azelaic acid 15% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Combined results of two double-blind clinical comparative studies]. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841–847.

TWOJA SKÓRA

  1. www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/a---d/acne/tips
  2. www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/acne/features/lifestyle
  3. www.webmd.com/beauty/skin/dry-skin-and-itching-description
  4. Spencer EH, et al. Diet and acne: a review of the evidence. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:339-47.
  5. Misery L, et al. Consequences of acne on stress, fatigue, sleep disorders and sexual activity: a population-based study. Acta Derm Venereol. 2015; 95:485-488.
  6. Sardana K, et al. Seasonal variation in acne vulgaris – myth or reality. J Dermatol. 2002:29:484-488. Abstract
  7. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.
    P615, LH col, 2nd par
  8. www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acne/basics/definition/con-20020580?p=1
  9. www.drinkaware.co.uk/check-the-facts/health-effects-of-alcohol/appearance/how-alcohol-affects-your-appearance
  10. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616. P615, LH col, 2nd par

PYTANIA I ODPOWIEDZI

  1. Mayo Clinic, p 1, 1st par
  2. Eichenfield LF, et al. Evidence-Based Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Acne. Pediatrics 2013;131: S163–S186.
    PS167, LH col, 2nd par
  3. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    P3, RH col, final par
  4. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    P4, RH col, final par
  5. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    P6, Figure 4
    And P4, RH col, final par
  6. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
  7. *A study found that 45% of women aged 21-30 and 26% aged 31-40 had clinical acne. Perkins AC, Maglione J, Hillebrand GG, Miyamoto K, Kimball AB. Acne vulgaris in women: prevalence across the life span. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012;21:223-230. P223, abstract
  8. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    P4, RH col, final par
  9. Holzmann R, Shakery K. Postadolescent acne in females. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2014;27 Suppl 1:3–8.
    P4, RH col, final par
  10. Mayo Clinic, p 1, 1st par
  11. Mayo Clinic, p 1, 1st par
    P2, 5th par
  12. Zeichner JA. Evaluating and treating the adult female patient with acne. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12:1416–1427.
  13. Goulden V, Clark SM, Cunliffe WJ. Post-adolescent acne: a review of clinical features. Br J Dermatol. 1997;136:66–70.
    p68, LH col, 1st par
  14. Preneau S, Dreno B. Female acne - a different subtype of teenager acne? J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012;26:277– 282.
  15. Ferdowsian HR, Levin S. Does diet really affect acne? Skin Therapy Lett, 2010;15:1-2
    P1, abstract
  16. Goulden V, Clark SM, Cunliffe WJ. Post-adolescent acne: a review of clinical features. Br J Dermatol. 1997;136:66–70.
    P68, RH col, 1st par
  17. Zeichner JA. Evaluating and treating the adult female patient with acne. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013;12:1416–1427.
  18. Preneau S, Dreno B. Female acne - a different subtype of teenager acne? J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012;26:277– 282.
  19. Ferdowsian HR, Levin S. Does diet really affect acne? Skin Therapy Lett, 2010;15:1-2
    P1, abstract
  20. Ferdowsian HR, Levin S. Does diet really affect acne? Skin Therapy Lett, 2010;15:1-2

    P3, chocolate section

    Magin P, et al. A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and
    misconceptions’ in acne management: diet, face-washing and sunlight. Fam Pract. 2005;22:62-70.
    P67, RH col, 4th par

  21. Goodman G. Acne. Natural history, facts and myths. Aus Fam Physician. 2006;35:613-616.

    P615, LH col, 2nd par

  22. Cao H, Yang G, Wang Y, Liu JP, Smith CA, Luo H, Liu Y. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris. Cochrane Database
    of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD009436

    P2, Final par authors conclusions

  23. Whitney KM, Ditre CM. Management strategies for acne vulgaris. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011:4:41-53.

    P50, RH col, 1st par

  24. Thiboutot D, et al. New insights into the management of acne: An update from the Global Alliance to Improve Outcomes in Acne Group. J Am Acad Dermatol 2009;60:S1-50.

    PS21, Lh col, 4th and 5th pars

  25. Whitney KM, Ditre CM. Management strategies for acne vulgaris. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2011:4:41-53.

    P50, RH col, 1st par

  26. Spencer EH, et al. Diet and acne: a review of the evidence. Int J Dermatol. 2009;48:339-47.

    P344, RH col, 3rd par

  27. The story of azelaic acid: a tribute to Marcella Nazzarro-Porro.
    Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei. 1995; 6 Suppl 9:313-320.

    P 317, 2nd par

  28. Dreno B, Layton A, Zouboulis CC, Lopez-Estebaranz JL, Zalewska-Janowska A, Bagatin E, Zampeli VA, Yutskovskaya Y, Harper JC. Adult female acne: a new paradigm. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013;27:1063–1070.

    P 1064, RH col, final par

    Thielitz A, Lux A, Wiede A, Kropf S, Papakonstantinou E, Gollnick H. A randomized investigator-blind parallel-group study to assess efficacy and safety of azelaic acid
    15% gel vs. adapalene 0.1% gel in the treatment and maintenance treatment of female adult acne. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015;29:789–796.

    p6, graphs

    Katsambas A, Graupe K, Stratigos J. Clinical studies of 20% azelaic acid cream in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Comparison with vehicle and topical tretinoin. Acta
    Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh). 1989;143:35–39.

    P37, graphs

    Gollnick HP, Graupe K, Zaumseil RP. [Azelaic acid 15% gel in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Combined results of two double-blind clinical comparative studies]. J Dtsch
    Dermatol Ges. 2004;2:841–847.
    P 841, Abstract , results

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